Radical construction of Railways: Transportation Systems (future) – R. B. Dawodu

A Proposal for Lagos/Abuja Government and The Redeemed Christian of God Campground Radical construction of Railways:Transportation Systems (future) of the Railway power generated by photovoltaic cells and wind turbine fixed on the roof of a moving passenger coach…using  battery (Lithium-ion Battery).

ACCORDING TO JAPANESE PROVERB;VISION WITHOUT ACTION IS A DAY DREAM…ACTION WITHOUT VISION IS A NIGHT MARE’

With recent issues of global warming, greenhouse gas emission, and depleting energy resources, relatively high energy efficiency of rail transport is one of the greatest advantages, especially in view of the emission of carbon dioxide.

Nevertheless, railway transit systems have still undiscovered potential for improving the energy efficiency even farther, and one which directly correlates to reduce emissions. Development of railway vehicle with onboard energy storage capability via solar and electrical energy can offers a significant reduction in energy consumption compared to conventional electrified train with overhead power feeding system.

This Proposal For Solving Traffic management and Congestion of Lagos/Ogun state Road along the Redeemed Christian of God Campground that are experiencing rapid growth face a variety of challenges, as they expand and become increasingly complex.Traffic is one of the most significant challenges: congested roads are a strain on the environment, the economy and the overall quality of life. Finding smart ways to keep cities growing is crucial to our increasingly urban future.

The Forum’s new report, collects solutions from around the world that tackle pollution and other urbanization issues.This study examines the traffic management problems resulting from traffic congestion in the study area.It also evaluates the opinion of the stakeholders in the transport sector such as the commuters,transport operators and private car owners on the traffic situations and management problems in the study area.

The study depended upon the survey research technique to gather relevant data on the respondents, using the questionnaire as the research instrument.The research identified inter alia the traffic congestion causative factors as; over dependency on small occupancy vehicles, narrow road, indiscriminate parking, loading and off-loading of goods and passengers on the road, on-street trading, inability of the traffic management agencies to evacuate crashed or breakdown vehicles on time and ineffective traffic control measure.

The study recommends The railway system, the expansion of the narrow road capacity to double lanes, provision of adequate parking facilities, increasing the number of the few bus terminal along the road, provision of adequate park and ride space, prohibition of on-street parking, effective traffic management techniques, pedestrians priority scheme, provision of mass transit buses, provision of more road furniture like traffic light, lane marking, frequent road assessment and maintenance in the study area.The energy crisis is global with various approaches being adopted by various regions of the world to tackle their peculiar situations.

The summary of all the approaches to the energy crisis is the development of smaller, smarter, decentralized systems and more efficient utilization of existing ones.These are less expensive, more environmentally benign and concede the control to the end user thereby reducing the exposure to influence of outsiders especially with the proliferation of insurgent activities in Nigeria.

Putting one 300 watts solar panel on the roof of a small electric vehicle would only power about 4.5 miles per day of driving. But putting the same 300 watts panel on a solar canopy above a train track to power the train would supply 4,000 passenger-miles a year.

Moreover, improvement of energy efficiency through systematic and operational optimization can be another aspect to further improve the efficiency of railway energy.

This project aims to develop a solar powered tram service to adopt the existing electrical tram system for city of Lagos,Abuja and another Nigeria city with elevated solar days. The method would be installation of the solar panels on the trams roof furthermore onboard battery with storage energy capability, using catenary as the alternative energy source.

The aim of this thesis is to investigate and identify the required power to feed the trams, the generated power through the solar panels mounted on the available area of a railcar roof as well as the regenerated energy during tram braking and the useful methods to exploiting produced energy for traction and auxiliaries.

In the first part, we will have an overview of practical projects in context of solar trains and some proposals regarding the solar light vehicles in Japan and Australia.

The thesis then identifies and calculates the needed powers of a tram with characteristics which are almost similar to the newest trams operating in Rome as a sample and the produced power through the solar panels adding to the regenerative energy from tram braking. Finally campers the demand energy and the generated ones together and talks about the benefits.

In conclusion, the thesis argues the methodology of the operation of a sample tram with solar panels on rooftop and onboard battery as energy storage space and catenary as alternative energy, particularly for rainy days and night times.

The objectives of this thesis are to

•      Measure approximately the required power for a cityway II tram which operates on line 8 in Lagos per entire day.

•      Calculate the generated power by solar panels installed on the roof according to the number of panels that can be placed on available area of the roof and the number of sunshine hours during a day.

•      Simulate the vehicle function with onboard battery which can storage released energy from braking and can recharge by solar energy too.

•      Compere the demand power and the supply power by the battery.

The following scopes must be taken into consideration in a solar tram system design  Percentage of solar power input must be maximized.

•      Percentage of storage power input must be maximized.

•      Delay time of tram operations must be minimized.

•      Production costs for the solar power and the energy storage system must be minimized   Energy wastage must be minimized.

Electrical storage capacity must be maximized. I therefore proposed scenario sir/ma partnership on this project to find lasting Solution of  Traffic Management and congestion at the Redeemed Christain of God Campground;A Proposal for the Lagos/Abuja Government and Redeemed Christain of God Campground Radical construction of Railways:Transportation Systems of the future of the power generated by photovoltaic cells and wind turbine fixed on the roof of a moving passenger coach…using  battery (Lithium-ion Battery).

By Engr Dawodu Richard Razak Babatunde, MIAENGR, MIHA, MASME, MNSE, MEMBER OF INTERNATIONAL HYDROPOWER ASSOCIATION.

MECHANICAL ENGR/RESEARCHER,  RRR- RR_CONSULTANT  AND EXPERT IN HYDROPOWER PLANTS CONSTRUCTION AND TECHNICAL SESSIONS, COURSES ON HYDROPOWER, MAINTAINCE, REPAIRS SERVICES.  27, RALIATU MEMUDU, MAFOLUKU OSHODI L AGOS;tel;07040375883 OR 08023540741,08029517567,21, INDEPEPENCE STREET, ANIFOWOSHE IKEJA,LAGOS UNTOUCHABLEKING2010@YAHOO.COM 

           

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