FIRE is the rapid oxidation of a material in the exothermic chemical process of combustion, releasing heat, light, and various reaction products.
In order to protect yourself, it is important to understand the basic characteristics of FIRE
CHARACTERISTICS OF FIRE 🔥
1. 🔥 FIRE IS FAST: In just two (2) minutes, a fire can be called life threatening. In Five (5) minutes, a residence can be engulfed in flames.
2. 🔥 FIRE IS DARK: Fire produces gas/smoke that makes you disoriented and drowsy. Instead of being awakened by fire if you are already asleep when it starts, you may fall into a deeper sleep, ASPHYXIATION (suffocation) is the leading cause of fire deaths, exceeding burns by a 3:1 ratio. Please know that Smoke kills faster than Fire.
3. 🔥 FIRE IS HOT: Heat and Smoke from fire can be more dangerous than the flames. Inhaling the superhot air can sear our lungs.
FIRE 🔥 Can be caused primarily by one of the 👉 points below:
Common Causes Fires
1. Faulty Electrics are a very common cause of fires and include loose wires and antiquated or faulty equipment. You need to ensure that fixed electrical equipment is maintained on a regular basis and annual Portable Appliance Testing (PAT) should be undertaken.
2. Flammable or combustible materials represent a danger to your household or place of work e.g. Ur baking shop. Every body should prioritise fire safety when undertaking risk assessments, and this is crucial in premises that hold any flammable or combustible materials or substances that must be stored appropriately stored and disposed of correctly.
3. Human Error represents a common cause of fires in homes, be it the incorrect use of electrical equipment, burning food or leaving cooking unattended in the kitchen as well as lack of proper care or knowledge of procedures around flammable or combustible liquids and materials. Fire safety training is invaluable to avoid this.
4. Negligence may not seem a great deal different from human error but tends to be the result of sloppy or careless behaviour, or not following rules, regulation or correct procedures, from anybody who should probably know better. Examples include the blocking or covering of machinery and equipment which requires venting thus causing overheating, not correctly disposing of cigarette ends, incorrectly storing flammable items – even paper – and overloading plug sockets. Again, robust fire training is imperative.
5. Arson is a common cause of fire around business premises, which can be particularly prone to vandalism. Such fires can rapidly spread if there are no proper fire control systems. If suitable, homes should install fire shutters, fire 🔥 alarms and sprinkler systems to protect their house and properties as far as possible; and deterrents such as CCTV and gating can deter potential vandals.